Table 2

Villainous Forensic Psychiatrists and Psychologists from the Batman Universe

CharacterBackgroundFirst Appearance
Hugo StrangePsychologist (?) but trained in psychiatry, chemistry, and biology. May be why he likes to make “monster men.”Detective Comics #36 (February 1940); created by Bob Krane and Bill Finger; although he predates some of Wertham's most notable activities, with time the character evolved from “mad scientist” to “mad psychiatrist.”
Scarecrow, a.k.a. Jonathan CranePsychologist (?), made a fear toxin and commits crimes to fund research.World's Finest Comics #3 (September 1941); created by Bob Krane, Bill Finger, Jerry Robinson.
Mad Hatter, a.k.a. Jervis TetchNeuroscientist who utilizes mind-control technology and is fascinated with Alice in Wonderland.Batman #49 (October 1948); created by Bill Finger and Lew Sayre Schwartz.
Dr. Hurt, a.k.a. Simon Hurt, a.k.a. Bruce Wayne (not the one who is Batman)Psychiatrist (?), devil worshipper granted long life, who wants to destroy the Wayne family name.Batman #156 (June 1963); created by Sheldon Moldoff, Charles Paris, and Grant Morrison.
Anders Overbeck (TV), a.k.a. Red Hood (variant)Psychiatrist who took the identity of existing villain Red Hood.Batman TV show (January 1967), The Contaminated Cowl; created by Bill Finger, Lew Sayre Schwartz, and Charles Hoffman (Bill Finger, one of the original comic book creators, was also actively involved in the original TV show).
Amadeus ArkhamPsychiatrist, original founder of Arkham Asylum who later became a patient of Arkham Asylum.Arkham Asylum: A Serious House on Serious Earth (1989); created by Grant Morrison and Dave McKean.
Jeremiah Arkham, a.k.a. Black Mask (variant)Psychiatrist, director of Arkham Asylum and relative of Amadeus Arkham, who often blames Batman for stopping patients' rehabilitation.Batman: Shadow of the Bat (June 1992); created by Alan Grant and Norm Breyfogle.
Harley Quinn (TV), a.k.a. Harleen QuinzelPsychiatrist, fell in love with the Joker and became evil; due to popularity, at times is more of an anti-hero.Batman the Animated Series: the Joker's Favor (1992); created by Paul Dini and Bruce Timm.
Spellbinder (TV), a.k.a. Ira BillingsSchool psychologist, hypnotized students to steal; in other story lines, he is a psychiatrist.Spellbound (May 1, 1999); created by Robert Goodman.
Charles NigaffPsychologist, works at Arkham Asylum, convinced children to use the steroid Venom.Batman: Orphans #1 (February 2011); created by Eddie Berganza and Carlo Barberi.
Merrymaker, a.k.a. Bryon MeridethTherapist to those obsessed with the Joker.Detective Comics #16 (March 2013); created by John Layman and Jason Fabok.
Harlequin (TV), a.k.a. Holly Quinn (on TV, predates Harley Quinn on TV, postdates Harley Quinn in comics)Psychiatrist, worked at Arkham Asylum with the Red Hood.Batman TV show (1966), Batman '66 #3 (November 2013); created by Paul Dini and Bruce Timm.
Bethanie RavencroftPsychologist, affiliated with the League of Assassins; like Harley Quinn, was introduced in a children's TV cartoon.Beware the Batman TV show (July 20, 2013), Secrets; created by Mitch Watson.
Dr. Double X, a.k.a. Simon EcksPsychiatrist, worked at Arkham Asylum, gained the ability to mentally project energy.Batman Eternal #16 (September 2014); created by Dave Wood and Sheldon Moldoff.
Miss Peabody, a.k.a. Ethel Peabody (TV)Doctor, worked with Dr. Hugo Strange on Gotham TV show.Gotham TV show (November 30, 2015), Rise of the Villains: Worse Than a Crime; created by Bruno Heller.