Table 2

Violence Risk Factors to Explore among Incels

  Target of bullying
  Legacy token such as a manifesto
  History of rejection
  Leakage of intent to commit violence to a third party
  History of violence
  Academic decline
  Authority conflict
  Hardened thoughts/level of incel indoctrination
  Fantasy rehearsal
  Poor social support
  Lack of romantic relationship
  Poor anger outlets
  Poor self-esteem
  Access to firearms
  • Note. Adapted from Ref. 1.