Table 1

Suicide Among Veterans in the General Population

Thompson et al.5Suicide rate two to three times that of the general population. Depression, psychotic disorders, and substance abuse associated.
Price et al.6Major depression and drug dependence with largest effect on the timing of suicidality.
Zivin et al.7Male, white race, substance abuse associated. Younger veterans (age 18–44) have higher rates. Service connection is a protective factor.
Desai et al.8Higher rates in younger and older veterans. Bipolar disorder with highest rates. PTSD/anxiety disorders marginally protective. $100 per capita increased spending approximate six percent reduction in suicide.
Kaplan et al.9Suicide rate approximately two times that of the general population. White race, ≥12 years’ education, activity limitations with greater risk.