Table 1

Prevalence Studies of Serious Mental Illness in Canadian Prisons

StudySample and Measure Used; ToolPrevalence of SMI (Lifetime)
Bland et al.35180 Provincial inmates, random sample; DISSchizophrenia (2.2%)
Mania 3.3% (4.4%)
Depression 13.9 (16.7%)
Motiuk and Porporino362812 Stratified federally sentenced males, random sample; DISPsychosis 3% (10.4%)
Depression 5% (21.5%) dysthymia included
Gingell (unpublished data)317 Consecutive city jail admissions; 107 random federal inmates; BPRS, DISSchizophrenia 8%
Hodgins and Cote37495 Federal inmates, random sample; DISPsychosis 5%
BAD 2.8%,
MDD 7.5%
Roesch38790 Remand inmates, consecutive sample; DISSchizophrenia 5%
Arboleda-Florez et al.391151 Remand inmates, random sample; SCIDSchizophrenia 1%
Mania 0.4%,
MDD 3%
Blanchette and Motiuk4076 Female federal (57% of total female population) inmates, non-random sample; DISDepression 33%
Wormith and McKeague412500 Offenders, survey of parole files; File reviewPsychotic disorder (8.9%)
Mood disorder (15.5%)
Corrado et al.42192 Male remanded inmates, random sample; DISSchizophrenia 4.9%
Mania 4.1%
Major depression 6.1%
Brink et al.43202 Male federal newly sentenced inmates, random sample; SCIDPsychosis (5.5%)
MDD 4.5% (18.3%)
Bipolar 0.5% (2%)
  • BAD, bipolar affective disorder; BPRS, Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale; DIS, Diagnostic Interview Schedule; MDD, major depressive disorder; SCID, Structured Clinical Interview for DSM Disorders.