Table 2

Variations in the Health Professionals Covered

Professionals CoveredStates
Mental health provider (does not appear to include psychiatrists or unclear)Alaska, Connecticut, Florida, Nebraska, Oklahoma, and Pennsylvania
Mental health provider (includes psychiatrist, psychologist, clinical social worker, and sometimes associates of those professions)California, Delaware, Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, Missouri, and New York
Mental health provider (includes above and physicians who are not necessarily accredited in psychiatry)Alabama, Arizona, Colorado, District of Columbia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Mississippi, Montana, New Jersey, Ohio, Oregon, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Utah, Virginia, Washington, and Wyoming
Not specified or unclearGeorgia, Hawaii, Iowa, New Mexico, North Carolina, South Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, Vermont, West Virginia, Wisconsin
Physician (does not appear to include other mental health providers)New Hampshire
Duty not applicableArkansas, Kansas, Maine, Nevada, New Mexico, North Dakota, Virginia,
  • Created by the authors with data from Edwards5 and updated with the FindLaw database, available at