Table 3

Proposed Typology of Male IPH Perpetrators

Mentally IllUndercontrolled/DysregulatedChronic BattererOvercontrolled/Catathymic
DemographicsOlder than most IPH perpetratorsMid to late 30sYounger than most IPH perpetratorsMid to late 30s
Preoffense functioningFunctioning declines as chronicity of mental illness increasesVariableVariableHigh level of outward functioning
PsychopathologyHistory of mental illness; psychotic or depressed at time of offenseMood and anxiety diagnoses possibleMinimal Axis I psychopathologyMinimal Axis I psychopathology
Personality disorderNo Axis II diagnoses likelyBorderline personalityAntisocial, sadistic, and narcissistic personalityDependent and schizoid personality
Previous intimate partner violenceUnlikelyAffective and episodicInstrumental, persistent, and severeUnlikely; catathymic when present
Previous general violenceModerately likelyModerately likelyHighly likelyLess likely
Substance abuseLess likelyHighly likelyHighly likelyUnlikely
SuicideLess likely with psychosis than depressionModerately likelyLess likely; risk increases when abandonment presentModerately likely
Associated deathsAdditional family membersLess likely; family or victim's current partner when occursUnlikely to kill additional family membersUnlikely
Other family members when occurs
Victim's new partner most likely victim
AbandonmentLess likelyLikelyLikelyLess likely; engulfment possible
Jealousy/envyUnlikelyJealousyEnvy or jealousyEnvy