Table 3

Examples of States Requiring a Higher Degree of Intoxication Where Victims of Sexual Offenses Are Voluntarily Intoxicated Compared to Victims Who Are Involuntarily Intoxicated

StateStatutesRequired Condition Due to Voluntary IntoxicationRequired Condition Due to Involuntary Intoxication
ArkansasArk. Code Ann. § 5-14-101(6) (2021)“That renders the person unaware a sexual act is occurring”“[T]emporarily incapable of appreciating or controlling the person’s conduct”
ColoradoColo. Rev. Stat. § 18-3-402(1)(b), (4)(d); § 18-3-404(1)(b), (1)(d) (2022)“[T]he victim is incapable of appraising the nature of the victim’s conduct”“The actor has substantially impaired the victim’s power to appraise or control the victim’s conduct”
Rhode IslandR.I. Gen. Laws § 11-37-1(5) (1999)“[I]s mentally unable to communicate unwillingness to an act”“[I]ncapable of appraising or controlling his or her conduct”