Table 1

Ongwen Pre-Trial Timeline

1986Soon after seizing power in a coup, Uganda’s president Yoweri Museveni faced rebellion from several armed groups in Northern Uganda, including the Holy Spirit Movement.
1987The Holy Spirit Movement dwindled when its leader Alice Lakwena fled Uganda to seek refuge in neighboring Kenya. Joseph Kony, a member of the movement formed what would become known as the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) from the group’s remnants.
1988Dominic Ongwen was abducted on his way to school by the LRA.
March 1999Uganda signed the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court.
2002Ugandan government launched a major military offensive against the LRA.
September 2003According to the Office of the Prosecutor, Mr. Ongwen became part of the “Control Altar,” the central command of the LRA, and was appointed second in command of the Sinia Brigade.
December 2003Uganda referred the situation to the ICC: the first situation referred to the Court.
July 2004The ICC began investigating the Uganda situation.
July 2005The ICC issued a warrant of arrest for five leaders of the LRA, including Mr. Ongwen.
October 2005The warrant of arrest was unsealed.
January 2015Mr. Ongwen surrendered himself to United States forces in the Central African Republic who were working alongside the Ugandan army.
July 2016The ICC rejected requests to hold opening statements in northern Uganda, citing security concerns and the workload of the judges hearing the case.