Table 1

Firearm Prohibitions by State

StateStatuteType of WeaponProhibited Categories*Duration of ProhibitionProvision for Restoration in Statute
AlabamaAla. Code § 22-52-10.8FirearmCommittedNot specifiedYes
ArizonaAriz. Rev. Stat. § 13-3101(A)(6)(a)FirearmAdjudicated dangerous to self/others and court-ordered to treatmentNot specifiedYes
ArkansasArk. Code § 5-73-103(a)(2, 3)FirearmAdjudicated mentally ill or committedNot specifiedNo
CaliforniaCal. Welfare and Institutions Code § 8103Dangerous weaponInvol. admitted for observation (for danger to self or others only) or certified for intensive treatment (any grounds)Five yearsYes
ConnecticutConn. Gen. Stat. §29-28(b)(5)Pistol, revolverCommittedTwelve monthsNo
DelawareDel. Code tit. 11, § 1448A(2)Deadly weaponCommittedNot specifiedYes
District of ColumbiaD.C. Code § 7-2502.03(a)(6)FirearmVol. or invol. committedFive yearsYes
FloridaFla. Stat. § 790.25 2(b)(1)FirearmAdjudged mentally incompetentNot specifiedNo
GeorgiaGa. Code § 16-11-178(b)HandgunCommittedFive yearsYes
HawaiiHaw. Rev. Stat. § 134-7(3)Firearm“Is or has been diagnosed as having a significant behavioral, emotional or mental disorder”Not specifiedYes
Illinois430 Ill. Comp. Stat. 65/4(2)(iv)Firearm“Has been a patient in a mental institution”Five yearsNo
IndianaInd. Code § 35-47-2-7(b)(4)HandgunIs mentally incompetentNot specifiedNo
IowaIowa Code § 724.15 1(f)Pistol/revolverEver adjudged mentally incompetentNot specifiedNo
MarylandMd. Code § 5-133(b)(6, 7) and § 5-205(a)(1, 2)Firearm“Suffers from a mental disorder. . .and has a history of violent behavior,” or ever “spent more than 30 consecutive days in a medical institution for treatment of a mental disorder”Not specifiedYes
MassachusettsMass. Gen. Laws § 129B(1)(iii)FirearmCommittedNot specifiedYes
MichiganMich. Comp. Laws § 28.422(3)(f, g)PistolAdjudged insane, or committed to invol. inpatient or outpatient treatmentNot specifiedYes
MinnesotaMinn. Stat. § 624.713subd. 1cFirearmCommittedNot specifiedYes
MissouriMo. Rev. Stat. § 571.070 1(2)Concealable firearmCurrently adjudged mentally incompetentNot specifiedNo
NebraskaNeb. Rev. Stat. § 69-2404HandgunProhibited by 18 U.S.C. § 922State database of treatment/commitments purged after five yearsNo
NevadaNev. Rev. Stat § 202.360 2(a)FirearmEver adjudicated mentally ill or committedNot specifiedNo
New HampshireNoneN/AN/AN/AN/A
New JerseyN.J. Rev. Stat § 2C:39-7(a)WeaponCommittedNot specifiedYes
New MexicoNoneN/AN/AN/AN/A
New YorkN.Y. Penal Law § 265.00 subd 16 and § 400.00 subd 1Rifle or shotgun (§ 265.00) pistol or revolver (§ 400.00)“Certified not suitable to possess” (rifle or shotgun); ever “suffered any mental illness” or committed (pistol or revolver)Not specifiedYes
North CarolinaN.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-404(c)(4)Pistol or crossbowAdjudged mentally incompetent or committedNot specifiedNo
North DakotaN.D. Cent. Code § 62.1-02-01(3)FirearmCommittedThree yearsNo
OhioOh. Rev. Code § 2923.13(A)(5)Firearm“Is under adjudication of mental incompetence, has been adjudicated as a mental defective, has been committed . . . or is an invol. patient other than one who is a patient only for purposes of observation”Not specifiedNo
OklahomaOkla. Stat. §§ 1289.10, 1289.12FirearmEmotionally disturbed or of unsound mindNot specifiedNo
OregonOr. Rev. Stat. § 166.250(1)(c)(D, E)FirearmCommitted, or prohibited by court due to danger to self or othersNot specifiedNo
Pennsylvania18 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 6105(c)(4)FirearmAdjudicated as incompetent or committedNot specifiedYes
Rhode IslandR.I. Gen. Laws § 11-47-6Firearm“Under guardianship or treatment or confinement by virtue of being a mental incompetent”Five yearsYes
South CarolinaS.C. Code § 16-23-30(1)HandgunAdjudicated mentally incompetentNot specifiedNo
South DakotaNoneN/AN/AN/AN/A
UtahUtah Code § 76-10-503(1)(b)(vii)Dangerous weaponAdjudicated mentally defective or committedNot specifiedNo
VirginiaVa. Code §§ 18.2-308.1:2; 18.2-308.1:3FirearmAdjudicated legally incompetent, mentally incapacitated, or committedNot specifiedYes
WashingtonWash. Rev. Code § 9.41.040(2)(a)(ii)FirearmCommittedNot specitiedYes
West VirginiaW. Va. Code § 61-7-7(a)(4)FirearmAdjudicated mentally defective or committedNot specifiedYes
WisconsinWis. Stat. § 941.29(1)(e)Committed and prohibited by committing courtNot specifiedYes
  • This summary table lists only statutes concerning individuals who are receiving or have received mental health treatment. For the sake of clarity, statutes concerning substance abuse history or forensic adjudication (e.g., history of being found incompetent to stand trial or not guilty by reason of insanity) are not included. Statutes denoted “dangerous weapon” or “deadly weapon” prohibit possession of any firearm as well as of certain classes of weapons (e.g., knives, daggers, swords) other than firearms. Some statutes may have been added, amended or repealed by the time of publication. This summary is intended for illustrative purposes only and should not be relied on for legal purposes. Note that firearms possession by individuals in the categories defined in 18 U.S.C. § 922 is illegal in all states regardless of state laws.

  • * Unless otherwise specified, the term “committed” is used to refer to any involuntary hospitalization or confinement.

  • Statute requires certification by a physician for restoration.

  • State law prohibits issuance of a permit to carry a concealed firearm to persons with a specified mental health history or status.