Table 4

Evolution of Offenders' Ritualistic Behavior

Ritualistic Behaviorn*%
Evolving torture rituals410.8
Evolving postmortem mutilation410.8
Increasingly distinctive mementos38.1
Incorporation of mementos from previous victims12.7
Evolving gagging rituals12.7
Incorporation of prior victim in subsequent homicide12.7
From hidden disposal of victim's remains to exhibiting victim remains12.7
From sexually assaulting unconscious victim to necrophilia12.7
From oral penis penetration of victim to inserting foreign objects12.7
  • * The number of offenders in the sample who exhibited evolution of ritualistic behavior.

  • Proportion of offenders in sample who exhibited evolution of ritualistic behavior (n = 37).